Once you have identified the sign of high humidity like:
Dampness and musty odors in the house.
Mold and mildew growing on items stored in the house.
Increased mold and strains on the walls and ceiling.
the air in the house feels heavy and High temperatures, which make it difficult to regulate your body
Reoccurring respiratory complication like the flu and other allergies.
Structure destruction of the foundation especially in the basements and crawl space.
Then you need to buy a dehumidifier!
A dehumidifier regulates the levels of humidity in the air in the house. Dehumidifiers pull the moist air from the house. The air is then directed over coolant-filled coils that condense the moisture. The dry air is then directed out of the dehumidifier back into the house. This process is repeated till the overall level of humidity in the house are at ideal levels.
Some dehumidifiers are fitted with air purifiers that clean the air. They remove any mold spores and bacteria that are in the air.
How to choose the right size of dehumidifier?
When choosing the right dehumidifier, you should consider the following factors?
Airflow volume of the dehumidifier – you can choose a dehumidifier depending on the amount of air it is able to clean at a period of time.
Dehumidifier measures this in cubic feet per minute (CFM). The recommended CFM is calculated based on the level of humidity in the house and the square footage of the house.
Air changes per hour (ACH) refer to the number of times the air should cycle through the dehumidifier to decrease the level of humidity in the room.
The recommended ACH levels according to the humidity level are:
60 – 70 %( damp air) – This is the normal humidity level in most crawl spaces and basements. The ACH = 3
70-80 %( very damp air) – The room has visible moisture drains on the floor and walls. The ACH = 4
80 – 90% (Wet air) – Visible wet spots on the walls and floor. The ACH = 5
90-100 %( Very wet air) – Puddles of water can be seen clearly on the floor. The ACH = 6
On most dehumidifiers, you find their Air changes per hour (ACH) values clearly indicated.
The area size to be dehumidified –
the capacity of any dehumidifier is the amount of moisture (measured in pints) extracted in a span of 24 hours.
This means that smaller capacity dehumidifiers are only ideal to remove moisture in smaller rooms. It therefore important to ensure you buy a dehumidifier whose capacity is directly correlated to the square feet of the house.
Here is a simple guide from the association of home appliance manufacturers (AHAM) for the recommended dehumidifier’s capacity to house size.
AHAM dehumidifier sizing guidelines: room size versus current humidity conditions
The condition of the basement
Moderately damp room with a musty smell.
Very moist room with damp stains on the floor and walls.
Very wet room with clear wet walls and floor.
Extremely wet room with puddles of water on the floor and dripping water on the walls
The temperature of the environment the dehumidifier will operate. If the temperatures are low, buy a dehumidifier with de-freezing features. To ensure the dehumidifier is able to keep operating optimally even in temperature as low as 20 degrees.
In internal pump – This is recommended for buyers looking dehumidify wet large room, where they expect to collect over 20 pints of water. An internal pump directs the water out to a safe place away from the house.
Auto-humidistat – Automatically shuts down the dehumidifier when the humidity levels reach required levels.
Energy star qualified dehumidifier – This is a dehumidifier that has been proven to consume the least amount of energy needed to operate.